The First Book of Esdras
1 Josiah kept the passover to his Lord in Jerusalem; he killed the passover lamb
on the fourteenth day of the first month,
2 having placed the priests according to their divisions, arrayed in their garments,
in the temple of the Lord.
3 And he told the Levites, the temple servants of Israel, that they should sanctify
themselves to the Lord and put the holy ark of the Lord in the house which Solomon
the king, the son of David, had built;
4 and he said, "You need no longer carry it upon your shoulders. Now worship the
Lord your God and serve his people Israel; and prepare yourselves by your families
5 in accordance with the directions of David king of Israel and the magnificence
of Solomon his son. Stand in order in the temple according to the groupings of
the fathers' houses of you Levites, who minister before your brethren the people
6 and kill the passover lamb and prepare the sacrifices for your brethren, and
keep the passover according to the commandment of the Lord which was given to
7 And Josiah gave to the people who were present thirty thousand lambs and kids,
and three thousand calves; these were given from the king's possessions, as he
promised, to the people and the priests and Levites.
8 And Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, the chief officers of the temple, gave to
the priests for the passover two thousand six hundred sheep and three hundred calves.
9 And Jeconiah and Shemaiah and Nethanel his brother, and Hashabiah and Ochiel
and Joram, captains over thousands, gave the Levites for the passover five thousand
sheep and seven hundred calves.
10 And this is what took place. The priests and the Levites, properly arrayed
and having the unleavened bread, stood according to kindred
11 and the grouping of the fathers' houses, before the people, to make the
offering to the Lord as it is written in the book of Moses; this they did in the morning.
12 They roasted the passover lamb with fire, as required; and they boiled the
sacrifices in brass pots and caldrons, with a pleasing odor,
13 and carried them to all the people. Afterward they prepared the passover for
themselves and for their brethren the priests, the sons of Aaron,
14 because the priests were offering the fat until night; so the Levites prepared
it for themselves and for their brethren the priests, the sons of Aaron.
15 And the temple singers, the sons of Asaph, were in their place according to
the arrangement made by David, and also Asaph, Zechariah, and Eddinus, who represented
16 The gatekeepers were at each gate; no one needed to depart from his duties,
for their brethren the Levites prepared the passover for them.
17 So the things that had to do with the sacrifices to the Lord were accomplished
that day: the passover was kept
18 and the sacrifices were offered
on the altar of the Lord, according to the command of King Josiah.
19 And the people of Israel who were present at that time kept the passover and
the feast of unleavened bread seven days.
20 No passover like it had been kept in Israel since the times of Samuel the prophet;
21 none of the kings of Israel had kept such a passover as was kept by Josiah
and the priests and Levites and the men of Judah and all of Israel who were dwelling
22 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah this passover was kept.
23 And the deeds of Josiah were upright in the sight of the Lord, for his heart
was full of godliness.
24 The events of his reign have been recorded in the past, concerning those who
sinned and acted wickedly toward the Lord beyond any other people or kingdom,
and how they grieved the Lord deeply, so that the words of the Lord rose up against
25 After all these acts of Josiah, it happened that Pharaoh, king of Egypt, went
to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out against him.
26 And the king of Egypt sent
word to him saying, "What have we to do with each other, king of Judea?
27 I was not sent against you by the Lord God, for my war is at the Euphrates.
And now the Lord is with me! The Lord is with me, urging me on! Stand aside, and
do not oppose the Lord."
28 But Josiah did not turn back to his chariot, but tried to fight with him, and
did not heed the words of Jeremiah the prophet from the mouth of the Lord.
29 He joined battle with him
in the plain of Megiddo, and the commanders came down against King Josiah.
30 And the king said to his servants, "Take me away from the battle, for I am
very weak." And immediately his servants took him out of the line of battle.
31 And he got into his second chariot; and after he was brought back to Jerusalem
he died, and was buried in the tomb of his fathers.
32 And in all Judea they mourned for Josiah. Jeremiah the prophet lamented for
Josiah, and the principal men, with the women, have made lamentation for him to
this day; it was ordained that this should always be done throughout the whole
nation of Israel.
33 These things are written in the book of the histories of the kings of Judea;
and every one of the acts of Josiah, and his splendor, and his understanding of
the law of the Lord, and the things that he had done before and these that are
now told, are recorded in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.
34 And the men of the nation took Jeconiah the son of Josiah, who was twenty-three
years old, and made him king in succession to Josiah his father.
35 And he reigned three months
in Judah and Jerusalem. Then the king of Egypt deposed him from reigning in Jerusalem,
36 and fined the nation a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.
37 And the king of Egypt made Jehoiakim his brother king of Judea and Jerusalem.
38 Jehoiakim put the nobles in prison, and seized his brother Zarius and brought
him up out of Egypt.
39 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign in Judea and Jerusalem,
and he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord.
40 And Nebuchadnezzar king of
Babylon came up against him, and bound him with a chain of brass and took him
away to Babylon.
41 Nebuchadnezzar also took some holy vessels of the Lord, and carried them away,
and stored them in his temple in Babylon.
42 But the things that are reported about Jehoiakim and his uncleanness and impiety
are written in the chronicles of the kings.
43 Jehoiachin his son became king in his stead; when he was made king he was eighteen
44 and he reigned three months
and ten days in Jerusalem. He did what was evil in the sight of the Lord.
45 So after a year Nebuchadnezzar sent and removed him to Babylon, with the holy
vessels of the Lord,
46 and made Zedekiah king of Judea and Jerusalem. Zedekiah
was twenty-one years old, and he reigned eleven years.
47 He also did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and did not heed the words
that were spoken by Jeremiah the prophet from the mouth of the Lord.
48 And though King Nebuchadnezzar had made him swear by the name of the Lord,
he broke his oath and rebelled; and he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart
and transgressed the laws of the Lord, the God of Israel.
49 Even the leaders of the people and of the priests committed many acts of sacrilege
and lawlessness beyond all the unclean deeds of all the nations, and polluted
the temple of the Lord which had been hallowed in Jerusalem.
50 So the God of their fathers sent by his messenger to call them back, because
he would have spared them and his dwelling place.
51 But they mocked his messengers, and whenever the Lord spoke, they scoffed at
52 until in his anger against his people because of their ungodly acts he gave
command to bring against them the kings of the Chaldeans.
53 These slew their young men with the sword around their holy temple, and did
not spare young man or virgin, old man or child, for he gave them all into their
54 And all the holy vessels of the Lord, great and small, and the treasure chests
of the Lord, and the royal stores, they took and carried away to Babylon.
55 And they burned the house of the Lord and broke down the walls of Jerusalem
and burned their towers with fire,
56 and utterly destroyed all its glorious things. The survivors he led away to
Babylon with the sword,
57 and they were servants to him and to his sons until the Persians began to reign,
in fulfilment of the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah:
58 "Until the land has enjoyed its sabbaths, it shall keep sabbath all the time
of its desolation until the completion of seventy years."
1 In the first year of Cyrus as king of the Persians, that the word of the Lord
by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished,
2 the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of the Persians, and he made a
proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing:
3 "Thus says Cyrus king of the Persians: The Lord of Israel, the Lord Most High,
has made me king of the world,
4 and he has commanded me to
build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judea.
5 If any one of you, therefore, is of his people, may his Lord be with him, and
let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judea, and build the house of the Lord
of Israel -- he is the Lord who dwells in Jerusalem,
6 and let each man, wherever he may live, be helped by the men of his place with
gold and silver,
7 with gifts and with horses and cattle, besides the other things added as votive
offerings for the temple of the Lord which is in Jerusalem."
8 Then arose the heads of families of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and the
priests and the Levites, and all whose spirit the Lord had stirred to go up to
build the house in Jerusalem for the Lord;
9 and their neighbors helped
them with everything, with silver and gold, with horses and cattle, and with a
very great number of votive offerings from many whose hearts were stirred.
10 Cyrus the king also brought out the holy vessels of the Lord which Nebuchadnezzar
had carried away from Jerusalem and stored in his temple of idols.
11 When Cyrus king of the Perians
brought these out, he gave them to Mithridates his treasurer,
12 and by him they were given to Sheshbazzar the governor of Judea.
13 The number of these was: a thousand gold cups, a thousand silver cups, twenty-nine
silver censers, thirty gold bowls, two thousand four hundred and ten silver bowls,
and a thousand other vessels.
14 All the vessels were handed over, gold and silver, five thousand four hundred
15 and they were carried back by Sheshbazzar with the returning exiles from Babylon
16 But in the time of Artaxerxes king of the Persians, Bishlam, Mithridates, Tabeel,
Rehum, Beltethmus, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their associates, living
in Samaria and other places, wrote him the following letter, against those who
were living in Judea and Jerusalem:
17 "To King Artaxerxes our lord,
Your servants Rehum the recorder and Shimshai the scribe and the other judges
of their council in Coelesyria and Phoenicia:
18 Now be it known to our lord
the king that the Jews who came up from you to us have gone to Jerusalem and are
building that rebellious and wicked city, repairing its market places and walls
and laying the foundations for a temple.
19 Now if this city is built and the walls finished, they will not only refuse
to pay tribute but will even resist kings.
20 And since the building of the temple is now going on, we think it best not
to neglect such a matter,
21 but to speak to our lord the king, in order that, if it seems good to you,
search may be made in the records of your fathers.
22 You will find in the chronicles what has been written about them, and will
learn that this city was rebellious, troubling both kings and other cities,
23 and that the Jews were rebels and kept setting up blockades in it from of old.
That is why this city was laid waste.
24 Therefore we now make known to you, O lord and king, that if this city is built
and its walls finished, you will no longer have access to Coelesyria and Phoenicia."
25 Then the king, in reply to Rehum the recorder and Beltethmus and Shimshai the
scribe and the others associated with them and living in Samaria and Syria and
Phoenicia, wrote as follows:
26 "I have read the letter which
you sent me. So I ordered search to be made, and it has been found that this city
from of old has fought against kings,
and that the men in it were given to rebellion and war, and that mighty and cruel
kings ruled in Jerusalem and exacted tribute from Coelesyria and Phoenicia.
28 Therefore I have now issued orders to prevent these men from building the city
and to take care that nothing more be done
29 and that such wicked proceedings go no further to the annoyance of kings."
30 Then, when the letter from King Artaxerxes was read, Rehum and Shimshai the
scribe and their associates went in haste to Jerusalem, with horsemen and a multitude
in battle array, and began to hinder the builders. And the building of the temple
in Jerusalem ceased until the second year of the reign of Darius king of the Persians.
1 Now King Darius gave a great banquet for all that were under him and all that
were born in his house and all the nobles of Media and Persia
2 and all the satraps and generals and governors that were under him in the
hundred and twenty-seven satrapies from India to Ethiopia.
3 They ate and drank, and when they were satisfied they departed; and Darius
the king went to his bedroom, and went to sleep, and then awoke.
4 Then the three young men of the bodyguard, who kept guard over the person
of the king, said to one another,
5 "Let each of us state what one thing is strongest; and to him whose statement
seems wisest, Darius the king will give rich gifts and great honors of victory.
6 He shall be clothed in purple, and drink from gold cups, and sleep on a gold
bed, and have a chariot with gold bridles, and a turban of fine linen, and a
necklace about his neck;
7 and because of his wisdom he shall sit next to Darius and shall be called
kinsman of Darius."
8 Then each wrote his own statement, and they sealed them and put them under
the pillow of Darius the king,
9 and said, "When the king
wakes, they will give him the writing; and to the one whose statement the king
and the three nobles of Persia judge to be wisest the victory shall be given
according to what is written."
10 The first wrote, "Wine is strongest."
11 The second wrote, "The king is strongest."
12 The third wrote, "Women are strongest, but truth is victor over all things."
13 When the king awoke, they took the writing and gave it to him, and he read
14 Then he sent and summoned
all the nobles of Persia and Media and the satraps and generals and governors
15 and he took his seat in the council chamber, and the writing was read in
16 And he said, "Call the young men, and they shall explain their statements."
So they were summoned, and came in.
17 And they said to them, "Explain to us what you have written." Then
the first, who had spoken of the strength of wine, began and said:
18 "Gentlemen, how is wine
the strongest? It leads astray the minds of all who drink it.
19 It makes equal the mind of the king and the orphan, of the slave and the
free, of the poor and the rich.
20 It turns every thought to feasting and mirth, and forgets all sorrow and
21 It makes all hearts feel rich, forgets kings and satraps, and makes every
one talk in millions.
22 When men drink they forget to be friendly with friends and brothers, and
before long they draw their swords.
23 And when they recover from the wine, they do not remember what they have
24 Gentlemen, is not wine the strongest, since it forces men to do these things?"
When he had said this, he stopped speaking.
1 Then the second, who had spoken of the strength of the king, began to speak:
2 "Gentlemen, are not men strongest, who rule over land and sea and all that
is in them?
3 But the king is stronger; he is their lord and master, and whatever he says
to them they obey.
4 If he tells them to make war on one another, they do it; and if he sends them
out against the enemy, they go, and conquer mountains, walls, and towers.
5 They kill and are killed, and do not disobey the king's command; if they win
the victory, they bring everything to the king -- whatever spoil they take and
6 Likewise those who do not serve in the army or make war but till the soil,
whenever they sow, reap the harvest and bring some to the king; and they compel
one another to pay taxes to the king.
7 And yet he is only one man! If he tells them to kill, they kill; if he tells
them to release, they release;
8 if he tells them to attack, they attack; if he tells them to lay waste, they
lay waste; if he tells them to build, they build;
9 if he tells them to cut down, they cut down; if he tells them to plant, they
10 All his people and his armies obey him. Moreover, he reclines, he eats and
drinks and sleeps,
11 but they keep watch around him and no one may go away to attend to his own
affairs, nor do they disobey him.
12 Gentlemen, why is not the king the strongest, since he is to be obeyed in
this fashion?" And he stopped speaking.
13 Then the third, that is Zerubbabel, who had spoken of women and truth, began
14 Gentlemen, is not the king great, and are not men many, and is not wine strong?
Who then is their master, or who is their lord? Is it not women?
15 Women gave birth to the king and to every people that rules over sea and
16 From women they came; and women brought up the very men who plant the vineyards
from which comes wine.
17 Women make men's clothes; they bring men glory; men cannot exist without
18 If men gather gold and silver or any other beautiful thing, and then see
a woman lovely in appearance and beauty,
19 they let all those things go, and gape at her, and with open mouths stare
at her, and all prefer her to gold or silver or any other beautiful thing.
20 A man leaves his own father, who brought him up, and his own country, and
cleaves to his wife.
21 With his wife he ends his days, with no thought of his father or his mother
or his country.
22 Hence you must realize that women rule over you! "Do you not labor and toil,
and bring everything and give it to women?
23 A man takes his sword, and goes out to travel and rob and steal and to sail
the sea and rivers;
24 he faces lions, and he walks in darkness, and when he steals and robs and
plunders, he brings it back to the woman he loves.
25 A man loves his wife more than his father or his mother.
26 Many men have lost their minds because of women, and have become slaves because
27 Many have perished, or stumbled, or sinned, because of women.
28 And now do you not believe me? "Is not the king great in his power? Do not
all lands fear to touch him?
29 Yet I have seen him with Apame, the king's concubine, the daughter of the
illustrious Bartacus; she would sit at the king's right hand
30 and take the crown from the king's head and put it on her own, and slap the
king with her left hand.
31 At this the king would gaze at her with mouth agape. If she smiles at him,
he laughs; if she loses her temper with him, he flatters her, that she may be
reconciled to him.
32 Gentlemen, why are not women strong, since they do such things?"
33 Then the king and the nobles looked at one another; and he began to speak
34 "Gentlemen, are not women strong? The earth is vast, and heaven is high,
and the sun is swift in its course, for it makes the circuit of the heavens
and returns to its place in one day.
35 Is he not great who does these things? But truth is great, and stronger than
36 The whole earth calls upon truth, and heaven blesses her. All God's works
quake and tremble, and with him there is nothing unrighteous.
37 Wine is unrighteous, the king is unrighteous, women are unrighteous, all
the sons of men are unrighteous, all their works are unrighteous, and all such
things. There is no truth in them and in their unrighteousness they will perish.
38 But truth endures and is strong for ever, and lives and prevails for ever
39 With her there is no partiality or preference, but she does what is righteous
instead of anything that is unrighteous or wicked. All men approve her deeds,
40 and there is nothing unrighteous in her judgment. To her belongs the strength
and the kingship and the power and the majesty of all the ages. Blessed be the
God of truth!"
41 He ceased speaking; then all the people shouted, and said, "Great is truth,
and strongest of all!"
42 Then the king said to him, "Ask what you wish, even beyond what is written,
and we will give it to you, for you have been found to be the wisest. And you
shall sit next to me, and be called my kinsman."
43 Then he said to the king, "Remember the vow which you made to build Jerusalem,
in the day when you became king,
44 and to send back all the vessels that were taken from Jerusalem, which Cyrus
set apart when he began to destroy Babylon, and vowed to send them back there.
45 You also vowed to build the temple, which the Edomites burned when Judea
was laid waste by the Chaldeans.
46 And now, O lord the king, this is what I ask and request of you, and this
befits your greatness. I pray therefore that you fulfil the vow whose fulfilment
you vowed to the King of heaven with your own lips."
47 Then Darius the king rose, and kissed him, and wrote letters for him to all
the treasurers and governors and generals and satraps, that they should give
escort to him and all who were going up with him to build Jerusalem. 48 And
he wrote letters to all the governors in Coelesyria and Phoenicia and to those
in Lebanon, to bring cedar timber from Lebanon to Jerusalem, and to help him
build the city.
49 And he wrote for all the Jews who were going up from his kingdom to Judea,
in the interest of their freedom, that no officer or satrap or governor or treasurer
should forcibly enter their doors;
50 that all the country which they would occupy should be theirs without tribute;
that the Idumeans should give up the villages of the Jews which they held;
51 that twenty talents a year should be given for the building of the temple
until it was completed,
52 and an additional ten talents a year for burnt offerings to be offered on
the altar every day, in accordance with the commandment to make seventeen offerings;
53 and that all who came from Babylonia to build the city should have their
freedom, they and their children and all the priests who came.
54 He wrote also concerning their support and the priests' garments in which
they were to minister.
55 He wrote that the support for the Levites should be provided until the day
when the temple should be finished and Jerusalem built.
56 He wrote that land and wages should be provided for all who guarded the city.
57 And he sent back from Babylon all the vessels which Cyrus had set apart;
everything that Cyrus had ordered to be done, he also commanded to be done and
to be sent to Jerusalem.
58 When the young man went out, he lifted up his face to heaven toward Jerusalem,
and praised the King of heaven, saying,
59 "From thee is the victory; from thee is wisdom, and thine is the glory. I
am thy servant.
60 Blessed art thou, who hast given me wisdom; I give thee thanks, O Lord of
61 So he took the letters, and went to Babylon and told this to all his brethren.
62 And they praised the God of their fathers, because he had given them release
63 to go up and build Jerusalem and the temple which is called by his name;
and they feasted, with music and rejoicing, for seven days.
1 After this the heads of fathers'
houses were chosen to go up, according to their tribes, with their wives and
sons and daughters, and their menservants and maidservants, and their cattle.
2 And Darius sent with them
a thousand horsemen to take them back to Jerusalem in safety, with the music
of drums and flutes;
3 and all their brethren were making merry. And he made them go up with them.
4 These are the names of the men who went up, according to their fathers' houses
in the tribes, over their groups:
5 the priests, the sons of
Phinehas, son of Aaron; Jeshua the son of Jozadak, son of Seraiah, and Joakim
the son of Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, of the house of David, of the lineage
of Phares, of the tribe of Judah,
6 who spoke wise words before Darius the king of the Persians, in the second
year of his reign, in the month of Nisan, the first month.
7 These are the men of Judea who came up out of their sojourn in captivity,
whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon.
8 and who returned to Jerusalem
and the rest of Judea, each to his own town. They came with Zerubbabel and Jeshua,
Nehemiah, Seraiah, Resaiah, Bigvai, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Reeliah, Rehum,
and Baanah, their leaders.
9 The number of the men of the nation and their leaders: the sons of Parosh,
two thousand one hundred and seventy-two. The sons of Shephatiah, four hundred
10 The sons of Arah, seven
hundred and fifty-six.
11 The sons of Pahathmoab, of the sons of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight
hundred and twelve.
12 The sons of Elam, one thousand two hundred and fifty-four. The sons of Zattu,
nine hundred and forty-five. The sons of Chorbe, seven hundred and five. The
sons of Bani, six hundred and forty-eight.
13 The sons of Bebai, six hundred and twenty-three. The sons of Azgad, one thousand
three hundred and twenty-two.
14 The sons of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty-seven. The sons of Bigvai, two
thousand and sixty-six. The sons of Adin, four hundred and fifty-four.
15 The sons of Ater, namely of Hezekiah, ninety-two. The sons of Kilan and Azetas,
sixty-seven. The sons of Azaru, four hundred and thirty-two.
16 The sons of Annias, one hundred and one. The sons of Arom. The sons of Bezai,
three hundred and twenty-three. The sons of Jorah, one hundred and twelve.
17 The sons of Baiterus, three thousand and five. The sons of Bethlehem, one
hundred and twenty-three.
18 The men of Netophah, fifty-five. The men of Anathoth, one hundred and fifty-eight.
The men of Bethasmoth, forty-two.
19 The men of Kiriatharim, twenty-five. The men of Chephirah and Beeroth, seven
hundred and forty-three.
20 The Chadiasans and Ammidians, four hundred and twenty-two. The men of Ramah
and Geba, six hundred and twenty-one.
21 The men of Michmas, one hundred and twenty-two. The men of Bethel, fifty-two.
The sons of Magbish, one hundred and fifty-six.
22 The sons of the other Elam and Ono, seven hundred and twenty-five. The sons
of Jericho, three hundred and forty-five.
23 The sons of Senaah, three thousand three hundred and thirty.
24 The priests: the sons of Jedaiah the son of Jeshua, of the sons of Anasib,
nine hundred and seventy-two. The sons of Immer, one thousand and fifty-two.
25 The sons of Pashhur, one
thousand two hundred and forty-seven. The sons of Harim, one thousand and seventeen.
26 The Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel and Bannas and Sudias, seventy-four.
27 The temple singers: the
sons of Asaph, one hundred and twenty-eight.
28 The gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon,
the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, the sons of Shobai, in all one hundred
29 The temple servants: the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth,
the sons of Keros, the sons of Siaha, the sons of Padon, the sons of Lebanah,
the sons of Hagabah,
30 the sons of Akkub, the
sons of Uthai, the sons of Ketab, the sons of Hagab, the sons of Shamlai, the
sons of Hana, the sons of Cathua, the sons of Gahar,
31 The sons of Reaiah, the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda, the sons of Chezib,
the sons of Gazzam, the sons of Uzza, the sons of Paseah, the sons of Hasrah,
the sons of Besai, the sons of Asnah, the sons of the Meunites, the sons of
Nephisim, the sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Asur, the sons
of Pharakim, the sons of Bazluth,
32 the sons of Mehida, the sons of Cutha, the sons of Charea, the sons of Barkos,
the sons of Sisera, the sons of Temah, the sons of Neziah, the sons of Hatipha.
33 The sons of Solomon's servants: the sons of Hassophereth, the sons of Peruda,
the sons of Jaalah, the sons of Lozon, the sons of Giddel, the sons of Shephatiah,
34 the sons of Hattil, the
sons of Pochereth-hazzebaim, the sons of Sarothie, the sons of Masiah, the sons
of Gas, the sons of Addus, the sons of Subas, the sons of Apherra, the sons
of Barodis, the sons of Shaphat, the sons of Ami.
35 All the temple servants and the sons of Solomon's servants were three hundred
36 The following are those
who came up from Telmelah and Telharsha, under the leadership of Cherub, Addan,
37 though they could not prove
by their fathers' houses or lineage that they belonged to Israel: the sons of
Delaiah the son of Tobiah, the sons of Nekoda, six hundred and fifty-two.
38 Of the priests the following had assumed the priesthood but were not found
registered: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Hakkoz, the sons of Jaddus who
had married Agia, one of the daughters of Barzillai, and was called by his name.
39 And when the genealogy
of these men was sought in the register and was not found, they were excluded
from serving as priests.
40 And Nehemiah and Attharias told them not to share in the holy things until
a high priest should appear wearing Urim and Thummim.
41 All those of Israel, twelve or more years of age, besides menservants and
maidservants, were forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty;
42 their menservants and maidservants
were seven thousand three hundred and thirty-seven; there were two hundred and
forty-five musicians and singers.
43 There were four hundred and thirty-five camels, and seven thousand and thirty-six
horses, two hundred and forty-five mules, and five thousand five hundred and
44 Some of the heads of families, when they came to the temple of God which
is in Jerusalem, vowed that they would erect the house on its site, to the best
of their ability,
45 and that they would give
to the sacred treasury for the work a thousand minas of gold, five thousand
minas of silver, and one hundred priests' garments.
46 The priests, the Levites, and some of the people settled in Jerusalem and
its vicinity; and the temple singers, the gatekeepers, and all Israel in their
47 When the seventh month
came, and the sons of Israel were each in his own home, they gathered as one
man in the square before the first gate toward the east.
48 Then Jeshua the son of
Jozadak, with his fellow priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, with
his kinsmen, took their places and prepared the altar of the God of Israel,
49 to offer burnt offerings upon it, in accordance with the directions in the
book of Moses the man of God.
50 And some joined them from the other peoples of the land. And they erected
the altar in its place, for all the peoples of the land were hostile to them
and were stronger than they; and they offered sacrifices at the proper times
and burnt offerings to the Lord morning and evening.
51 They kept the feast of booths, as it is commanded in the law, and offered
the proper sacrifices every day,
52 and thereafter the continual offerings and sacrifices on sabbaths and at
new moons and at all the consecrated feasts.
53 And all who had made any vow to God began to offer sacrifices to God, from
the new moon of the seventh month, though the temple of God was not yet built.
54 And they gave money to the masons and the carpenters, and food and drink
55 and carts to the Sidonians and the Tyrians, to bring cedar logs from Lebanon
and convey them in rafts to the harbor of Joppa, according to the decree which
they had in writing from Cyrus king of the Persians.
56 In the second year after their coming to the temple of God in Jerusalem,
in the second month, Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of Jozadak
made a beginning, together with their brethren and the Levitical priests and
all who had come to Jerusalem from the captivity;
57 and they laid the foundation
of the temple of God on the new moon of the second month in the second year
after they came to Judea and Jerusalem.
58 And they appointed the Levites who were twenty or more years of age to have
charge of the work of the Lord. And Jeshua arose, and his sons and brethren
and Kadmiel his brother and the sons of Jeshua Emadabun and the sons of Joda
son of Iliadun, with their sons and brethren, all the Levites, as one man pressing
forward the work on the house of God. So
the builders built the temple of the Lord.
59 And the priests stood arrayed
in their garments, with musical instruments and trumpets, and the Levites, the
sons of Asaph, with cymbals,
60 praising the Lord and blessing him, according to the directions of David
king of Israel;
61 and they sang hymns, giving thanks to the Lord, because his goodness and
his glory are for ever upon all Israel.
62 And all the people sounded trumpets and shouted with a great shout, praising
the Lord for the erection of the house of the Lord.
63 Some of the Levitical priests and heads of fathers' houses, old men who had
seen the former house, came to the building of this one with outcries and loud
64 while many came with trumpets and a joyful noise,
65 so that the people could not hear the trumpets because of the weeping of
the people. For the multitude
sounded the trumpets loudly, so that the sound was heard afar;
66 and when the enemies of
the tribe of Judah and Benjamin heard it, they came to find out what the sound
of the trumpets meant.
67 And they learned that those who had returned from captivity were building
the temple for the Lord God of Israel.
68 So they approached Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the heads of the fathers' houses
and said to them, "We will build with you.
69 For we obey your Lord just as you do and we have been sacrificing to him
ever since the days of Esarhaddon king of the Assyrians, who brought us here."
70 But Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the heads of the fathers' houses in Israel
said to them, "You have nothing to do with us in building the house for the
Lord our God,
71 for we alone will build it for the Lord of Israel, as Cyrus the king of the
Persians has commanded us."
72 But the peoples of the land pressed hard upon those in Judea, cut off their
supplies, and hindered their building;
73 and by plots and demagoguery and uprisings they prevented the completion
of the building as long as King Cyrus lived. And they were kept from building
for two years, until the reign of Darius.
1 Now in the second year of the reign of Darius, the prophets Haggai and Zechariah
the son of Iddo prophesied to the Jews who were in Judea and Jerusalem, they
prophesied to them in the name of the Lord God of Israel.
2 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of Jozadak arose and
began to build the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem, with the help of the
prophets of the Lord who were with them.
3 At the same time Sisinnes the governor of Syria and Phoenicia and Sathrabuzanes
and their associates came to them and said,
4 "By whose order are you building
this house and this roof and finishing all the other things? And who are the builders
that are finishing these things?"
5 Yet the elders of the Jews were dealt with kindly, for the providence of the
Lord was over the captives;
6 and they were not prevented from building until word could be sent to Darius
concerning them and a report made.
7 A copy of the letter which Sisinnes the governor of Syria and Phoenicia, and
Sathrabuzanes, and their associates the local rulers in Syria and Phoenicia, wrote
and sent to Darius:
8 "To King Darius, greeting.
Let it be fully known to our lord the king that, when we went to the country of
Judea and entered the city of Jerusalem, we found the elders of the Jews, who
had been in captivity,
9 building in the city of Jerusalem
a great new house for the Lord, of hewn stone, with costly timber laid in the
10 These operations are going on rapidly, and the work is prospering in their
hands and being completed with all splendor and care.
11 Then we asked these elders, `At whose command are you building this house and
laying the foundations of this structure?'
12 And in order that we might inform you in writing who the leaders are, we questioned
them and asked them for a list of the names of those who are at their head.
13 They answered us, `We are the servants of the Lord who created the heaven and
14 And the house was built many years ago by a king of Israel who was great and
strong, and it was finished.
15 But when our fathers sinned against the Lord of Israel who is in heaven, and
provoked him, he gave them over into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon,
king of the Chaldeans;
16 and they pulled down the house, and burned it, and carried the people away
captive to Babylon.
17 But in the first year that Cyrus reigned over the country of Babylonia, King
Cyrus wrote that this house should be rebuilt.
18 And the holy vessels of gold and of silver, which Nebuchadnezzar had taken
out of the house in Jerusalem and stored in his own temple, these Cyrus the king
took out again from the temple in Babylon, and they were delivered to Zerubbabel
and Sheshbazzar the governor
19 with the command that he should take all these vessels back and put them in
the temple at Jerusalem, and that this temple of the Lord should be rebuilt on
20 Then this Sheshbazzar, after coming here, laid the foundations of the house
of the Lord which is in Jerusalem, and although it has been in process of construction
from that time until now, it has not yet reached completion.'
21 Now therefore, if it seems wise, O king, let search be made in the royal archives
of our lord the king that are in Babylon;
22 and if it is found that the building of the house of the Lord in Jerusalem
was done with the consent of King Cyrus, and if it is approved by our lord the
king, let him send us directions concerning these things."
23 Then Darius commanded that search be made in the royal archives that were deposited
in Babylon. And in Ecbatana, the fortress which is in the country of Media, a
scroll was found in which this was recorded:
24 "In the first year of the
reign of Cyrus, King Cyrus ordered the building of the house of the Lord in Jerusalem,
where they sacrifice with perpetual fire;
25 its height to be sixty cubits and its breadth sixty cubits, with three courses
of hewn stone and one course of new native timber; the cost to be paid from the
treasury of Cyrus the king;
26 and that the holy vessels of the house of the Lord, both of gold and of silver,
which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the house in Jerusalem and carried away to Babylon,
should be restored to the house in Jerusalem, to be placed where they had been."
27 So Darius commanded Sisinnes the governor of Syria and Phoenicia, and Sathrabuzanes,
and their associates, and those who were appointed as local rulers in Syria and
Phoenicia, to keep away from the place, and to permit Zerubbabel, the servant
of the Lord and governor of Judea, and the elders of the Jews to build this house
of the Lord on its site.
28 "And I command that it be
built completely, and that full effort be made to help the men who have returned
from the captivity of Judea, until the house of the Lord is finished;
29 and that out of the tribute of Coelesyria and Phoenicia a portion be scrupulously
given to these men, that is, to Zerubbabel the governor, for sacrifices to the
Lord, for bulls and rams and lambs,
30 and likewise wheat and salt and wine and oil, regularly every year, without
quibbling, for daily use as the priests in Jerusalem may indicate,
31 in order that libations may be made to the Most High God for the king and his
children, and prayers be offered for their life."
32 And he commanded that if any should transgress or nullify any of the things
herein written, a beam should be taken out of his house and he should be hanged
upon it, and his property should be forfeited to the king.
33 "Therefore may the Lord,
whose name is there called upon, destroy every king and nation that shall stretch
out their hands to hinder or damage that house of the Lord in Jerusalem.
34 "I, King Darius, have decreed that it be done with all diligence as here prescribed."
1 Then Sisinnes the governor of Coelesyria and Phoenicia, and Sathrabuzanes, and
their associates, following the orders of King Darius,
2 supervised the holy work with very great care, assisting the elders of the Jews
and the chief officers of the temple.
3 And the holy work prospered, while the prophets Haggai and Zechariah prophesied;
4 and they completed it by the command of the Lord God of Israel. So with the
consent of Cyrus and Darius and Artaxerxes, kings of the Persians,
5 the holy house was finished by the twenty-third day of the month of Adar, in
the sixth year of King Darius.
6 And the people of Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the rest of those from
the captivity who joined them, did according to what was written in the book of
7 They offered at the dedication of the temple of the Lord one hundred bulls,
two hundred rams, four hundred lambs,
8 and twelve he-goats for the sin of all Israel, according to the number of the
twelve leaders of the tribes of Israel;
9 and the priests and the Levites stood arrayed in their garments, according to
kindred, for the services of the Lord God of Israel in accordance with the book
of Moses; and the gatekeepers were at each gate.
10 The people of Israel who came from the captivity kept the passover on the fourteenth
day of the first month, after the priests and the Levites were purified together.
11 Not all of the returned captives
were purified, but the Levites were all purified together,
12 and they sacrificed the passover lamb for all the returned captives and for
their brethren the priests and for themselves.
13 And the people of Israel who came from the captivity ate it, all those who
had separated themselves from the abominations of the peoples of the land and
sought the Lord.
14 And they kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days, rejoicing before the
15 Because he had changed the will of the king of the Assyrians concerning them,
to strengthen their hands for the service of the Lord God of Israel.
1 After these things, when Artaxerxes
the king of the Persians was reigning, Ezra came, the son of Seraiah, son of Azariah,
son of Hilkiah, son of Shallum,
2 son of Zadok, son of Ahitub,
son of Amariah, son of Uzzi, son of Bukki, son of Abishua, son of Phineas, son
of Eleazar, son of Aaron the chief priest.
3 This Ezra came up from Babylon as a scribe skilled in the law of Moses, which
was given by the God of Israel;
4 and the king showed him honor, for he found favor before the king in all his
5 There came up with him to Jerusalem some of the people of Israel and some of
the priests and Levites and temple singers and gatekeepers and temple servants,
6 in the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes, in the fifth month (this was
the king's seventh year); for they left Babylon on the new moon of the first month
and arrived in Jerusalem on the new moon of the fifth month, by the prosperous
journey which the Lord gave them.
7 For Ezra possessed great knowledge, so that he omitted nothing from the law
of the Lord or the commandments, but taught all Israel all the ordinances and
8 The following is a copy of the written commission from Artaxerxes the king which
was delivered to Ezra the priest and reader of the law of the Lord:
9 "King Artaxerxes to Ezra the
priest and reader of the law of the Lord, greeting.
10 In accordance with my gracious
decision, I have given orders that those of the Jewish nation and of the priests
and Levites and others in our realm, who freely choose to do so, may go with you
11 Let as many as are so disposed, therefore, depart with you as I and the seven
friends who are my counselors have decided,
12 in order to look into matters in Judea and Jerusalem, in accordance with what
is in the law of the Lord,
13 and to carry to Jerusalem the gifts for the Lord of Israel which I and my friends
have vowed, and to collect for the Lord in Jerusalem all the gold and silver that
may be found in the country of Babylonia,
14 together with what is given by the nation for the temple of their Lord which
is in Jerusalem, both gold and silver for bulls and rams and lambs and what goes
15 so as to offer sacrifices upon the altar of their Lord which is in Jerusalem.
16 And whatever you and your brethren are minded to do with the gold and silver,
perform it in accordance with the will of your God;
17 and deliver the holy vessels of the Lord which are given you for the use of
the temple of your God which is in Jerusalem.
18 And whatever else occurs to you as necessary for the temple of your God, you
may provide out of the royal treasury.
19 "And I, Artaxerxes the king, have commanded the treasurers of Syria and Phoenicia
that whatever Ezra the priest and reader of the law of the Most High God sends
for, they shall take care to give him,
20 up to a hundred talents of
silver, and likewise up to a hundred cors of wheat, a hundred baths of wine, and
salt in abundance.
21 Let all things prescribed in the law of God be scrupulously fulfilled for the
Most High God, so that wrath may not come upon the kingdom of the king and his
22 You are also informed that no tribute or any other tax is to be laid on any
of the priests or Levites or temple singers or gatekeepers or temple servants
or persons employed in this temple, and that no one has authority to impose any
tax upon them.
23 "And you, Ezra, according to the wisdom of God, appoint judges and justices
to judge all those who know the law of your God, throughout all Syria and Phoenicia;
and those who do not know it you shall teach.
24 And all who transgress the
law of your God or the law of the kingdom shall be strictly punished, whether
by death or some other punishment, either fine or imprisonment."
25 Blessed be the Lord alone, who put this into the heart of the king, to glorify
his house which is in Jerusalem,
26 and who honored me in the
sight of the king and his counselors and all his friends and nobles.
27 I was encouraged by the help of the Lord my God, and I gathered men from Israel
to go up with me.
28 These are the principal men, according to their fathers' houses and their groups,
who went up with me from Babylon, in the reign of Artaxerxes the king:
29 Of the sons of Phineas, Gershom.
Of the sons of Ithamar, Gamael. Of the sons of David, Hattush the son of Shecaniah.
30 Of the sons of Parosh, Zechariah, and with him a hundred and fifty men enrolled.
31 Of the sons of Pahathmoab, Eliehoenai the son of Zerahiah, and with him two
32 Of the sons of Zattu, Shecaniah the son of Jahaziel, and with him three hundred
men. Of the sons of Adin, Obed the son of Jonathan, and with him two hundred and
33 Of the sons of Elam, Jeshaiah the son of Gotholiah, and with him seventy men.
34 Of the sons of Shephatiah, Zeraiah the son of Michael, and with him seventy
35 Of the sons of Joab, Obadiah the son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred and
36 Of the sons of Bani, Shelomith the son of Josiphiah, and with him a hundred
and sixty men.
37 Of the sons of Bebai, Zechariah the son of Bebai, and with him twenty-eight
38 Of the sons of Azgad, Johanan the son of Hakkatan, and with him a hundred and
39 Of the sons of Adonikam, the last ones, their names being Eliphelet, Jeuel,
and Shemaiah, and with them seventy men.
40 Of the sons of Bigvai, Uthai the son of Istalcurus, and with him seventy men.
41 I assembled them at the river called Theras, and we encamped there three days,
and I inspected them.
42 When I found there none of
the sons of the priests or of the Levites,
43 I sent word to Eliezar, Iduel, Maasmas,
44 Elnathan, Shemaiah, Jarib, Nathan, Elnathan, Zechariah, and Meshullam, who
were leaders and men of understanding;
45 and I told them to go to Iddo, who was the leading man at the place of the
46 and ordered them to tell Iddo and his brethren and the treasurers at that place
to send us men to serve as priests in the house of our Lord.
47 And by the mighty hand of our Lord they brought us competent men of the sons
of Mahli the son of Levi, son of Israel, namely Sherebiah with his sons and kinsmen,
48 also Hashabiah and Annunus and Jeshaiah his brother, of the sons of Hananiah,
and their sons, twenty men;
49 and of the temple servants, whom David and the leaders had given for the service
of the Levites, two hundred and twenty temple servants; the list of all their
names was reported.
50 There I proclaimed a fast for the young men before our Lord, to seek from him
a prosperous journey for ourselves and for our children and the cattle that were
51 For I was ashamed to ask
the king for foot soldiers and horsemen and an escort to keep us safe from our
52 for we had said to the king, "The power of our Lord will be with those who
seek him, and will support them in every way."
53 And again we prayed to our Lord about these things, and we found him very merciful.
54 Then I set apart twelve of the leaders of the priests, Sherebiah and Hashabiah,
and ten of their kinsmen with them;
55 and I weighed out to them
the silver and the gold and the holy vessels of the house of our Lord, which the
king himself and his counselors and the nobles and all Israel had given.
56 I weighed and gave to them six hundred and fifty talents of silver, and silver
vessels worth a hundred talents, and a hundred talents of gold,
57 and twenty golden bowls, and twelve bronze vessels of fine bronze that glittered
58 And I said to them, "You are holy to the Lord, and the vessels are holy, and
the silver and the gold are vowed to the Lord, the Lord of our fathers.
59 Be watchful and on guard until you deliver them to the leaders of the priests
and the Levites, and to the heads of the fathers' houses of Israel, in Jerusalem,
in the chambers of the house of our Lord."
60 So the priests and the Levites who took the silver and the gold and the vessels
which had been in Jerusalem carried them to the temple of the Lord.
61 We departed from the river Theras on the twelfth day of the first month; and
we arrived in Jerusalem by the mighty hand of our Lord which was upon us; he delivered
us from every enemy on the way, and so we came to Jerusalem.
62 When we had been there three
days, the silver and the gold were weighed and delivered in the house of our Lord
to Meremoth the priest, son of Uriah;
63 and with him was Eleazar the son of Phinehas, and with them were Jozabad the
son of Jeshua and Moeth the son of Binnui, the Levites.
64 The whole was counted and weighed, and the weight of everything was recorded
at that very time.
65 And those who had come back from captivity offered sacrifices to the Lord,
the God of Israel, twelve bulls for all Israel, ninety-six rams,
66 seventy-two lambs, and as a thank offering twelve he-goats -- all as a sacrifice
to the Lord.
67 And they delivered the king's orders to the royal stewards and to the governors
of Coelesyria and Phoenicia; and these officials honored the people and the temple
of the Lord.
68 After these things had been done, the principal men came to me and said,
69 "The people of Israel and
the leaders and the priests and the Levites have not put away from themselves
the alien peoples of the land and their pollutions, the Canaanites, the Hittites,
the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Edomites.
70 For they and their sons have married the daughters of these people, and the
holy race has been mixed with the alien peoples of the land; and from the beginning
of this matter the leaders and the nobles have been sharing in this iniquity."
71 As soon as I heard these things I rent my garments and my holy mantle, and
pulled out hair from my head and beard, and sat down in anxiety and grief.
72 And all who were ever moved
at the word of the Lord of Israel gathered round me, as I mourned over this iniquity,
and I sat grief-stricken until the evening sacrifice.
73 Then I rose from my fast, with my garments and my holy mantle rent, and kneeling
down and stretching forth my hands to the Lord
74 I said, "O Lord, I am ashamed and confounded before thy face.
75 For our sins have risen higher
than our heads, and our mistakes have mounted up to heaven
76 from the times of our fathers, and we are in great sin to this day.
77 And because of our sins and the sins of our fathers we with our brethren and
our kings and our priests were given over to the kings of the earth, to the sword
and captivity and plundering, in shame until this day.
78 And now in some measure mercy has come to us from thee, O Lord, to leave to
us a root and a name in thy holy place,
79 and to uncover a light for us in the house of the Lord our God, and to give
us food in the time of our servitude.
80 Even in our bondage we were not forsaken by our Lord, but he brought us into
favor with the kings of the Persians, so that they have given us food
81 and glorified the temple of our Lord, and raised Zion from desolation, to give
us a stronghold in Judea and Jerusalem.
82 "And now, O Lord, what shall we say, when we have these things? For we have
transgressed thy commandments, which thou didst give by thy servants the prophets,
83 `The land which you are entering
to take possession of it is a land polluted with the pollution of the aliens of
the land, and they have filled it with their uncleanness.
84 Therefore do not give your daughters in marriage to their sons, and do not
take their daughters for your sons;
85 and do not seek ever to have peace with them, in order that you may be strong
and eat the good things of the land and leave it for an inheritance to your children
86 And all that has happened to us has come about because of our evil deeds and
our great sins. For thou, O Lord, didst lift the burden of our sins
87 and give us such a root as this; but we turned back again to transgress thy
law by mixing with the uncleanness of the peoples of the land.
88 Wast thou not angry enough with us to destroy us without leaving a root or
seed or name?
89 O Lord of Israel, thou art true; for we are left as a root to this day.
90 Behold, we are now before thee in our iniquities; for we can no longer stand
in thy presence because of these things."
91 While Ezra was praying and making his confession, weeping and lying upon the
ground before the temple, there gathered about him a very great throng from Jerusalem,
men and women and youths; for there was great weeping among the multitude. 92
Then Shecaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the men of Israel, called out, and said
to Ezra, "We have sinned against the Lord, and have married foreign women from
the peoples of the land; but even now there is hope for Israel.
93 Let us take an oath to the Lord about this, that we will put away all our foreign
wives, with their children,
94 as seems good to you and to all who obey the law of the Lord.
95 Arise and take action, for it is your task, and we are with you to take strong
96 Then Ezra arose and had the leaders of the priests and Levites of all Israel
take oath that they would do this. And they took the oath.
1 Then Ezra rose and went from the
court of the temple to the chamber of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib,
2 and spent the night there;
and he did not eat bread or drink water, for he was mourning over the great iniquities
of the multitude.
3 And a proclamation was made throughout Judea and Jerusalem to all who had returned
from the captivity that they should assemble at Jerusalem,
4 and that if any did not meet there within two or three days, in accordance with
the decision of the ruling elders, their cattle should be seized for sacrifice
and the men themselves expelled from the multitude of those who had returned from
5 Then the men of the tribe of Judah and Benjamin assembled at Jerusalem within
three days; this was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month.
6 And all the multitude sat
in the open square before the temple, shivering because of the bad weather that
7 Then Ezra rose and said to them, "You have broken the law and married foreign
women, and so have increased the sin of Israel.
8 Now then make confession and give glory to the Lord the God of our fathers,
9 and do his will; separate yourselves from the peoples of the land and from your
10 Then all the multitude shouted and said with a loud voice, "We will do as you
11 But the multitude is great and it is winter, and we are not able to stand in
the open air. This is not a work we can do in one day or two, for we have sinned
too much in these things.
12 so let the leaders of the multitude stay, and let all those in our settlements
who have foreign wives come at the time appointed,
13 with the elders and judges of each place, until we are freed from the wrath
of the Lord over this matter."
14 Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah undertook the matter
on these terms, and Meshullam and Levi and Shabbethai served with them as judges.
15 And those who had returned from the captivity acted in accordance with all
16 Ezra the priest chose for himself the leading men of their fathers' houses,
all of them by name; and on the new moon of the tenth month they began their sessions
to investigate the matter.
17 And the cases of the men
who had foreign wives were brought to an end by the new moon of the first month.
18 Of the priests those who were brought in and found to have foreign wives were:
19 of the sons of Jeshua the
son of Jozadak and his brethren, Maaseiah, Eliezar, Jarib, and Jodan.
20 They pledged themselves to put away their wives, and to give rams in expiation
of their error.
21 Of the sons of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah and Maaseiah and Shemaiah and Jehiel
22 Of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, and Nathanael, and Gedaliah,
23 And of the Levites: Jozabad and Shimei and Kelaiah, who was Kelita, and Pethahiah
and Judah and Jonah.
24 Of the temple singers: Eliashib and Zaccur.
25 Of the gatekeepers: Shallum and Telem.
26 Of Israel: of the sons of Parosh: Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, and Eleazar,
and Asibias, and Benaiah.
27 Of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah
and Zechariah, Jehiel and Abdi, and Jeremoth and Elijah.
28 Of the sons of Zattu: Elioenai, Eliashib, Othoniah, Jeremoth, and Zabad and
29 Of the sons of Bebai: Jehohanan and Hananiah and Zabbai and Emathis.
30 Of the sons of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, and Sheal and Jeremoth.
31 Of the sons of Addi: Naathus and Moossias, Laccunus and Naidus, and Bescaspasmys
and Sesthel, and Belnuus and Manasseas.
32 Of the sons of Annan, Elionas and Asaias and Melchias and Sabbaias and Simon
33 Of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai and Mattattah and Zabad and Eliphelet and Manasseh
34 Of the sons of Bani: Jeremai, Maadai, Amram, Joel, Mamdai and Bedeiah and Vaniah,
Carabasion and Eliashib and Machnadebai, Eliasis, Binnui, Elialis, Shimei, Shelemiah,
Nethaniah. Of the sons of Ezora: Shashai, Azarel, Azael, Shemaiah, Amariah, Joseph.
35 Of the sons of Nebo: Mattithiah, Zabad, Iddo, Joel, Benaiah.
36 All these had married foreign women, and they put them away with their children.
37 The priests and the Levites and the men of Israel settled in Jerusalem and
in the country. On the new moon of the seventh month, when the sons of Israel
were in their settlements,
38 the whole multitude gathered
with one accord into the open square before the east gate of the temple;
39 and they told Ezra the chief priest and reader to bring the law of Moses which
had been given by the Lord God of Israel.
40 So Ezra the chief priest brought the law, for all the multitude, men and women,
and all the priests to hear the law, on the new moon of the seventh month.
41 And he read aloud in the open square before the gate of the temple from early
morning until midday, in the presence of both men and women; and all the multitude
gave attention to the law.
42 Ezra the priest and reader of the law stood on the wooden platform which had
43 and beside him stood Mattathiah, Shema, Anaiah, Azariah, Uriah, Hezekiah, and
Baalsamus on his right hand,
44 and on his left Pedaiah, Mishael, Malchijah, Lothasubus, Nabariah, and Zechariah.
45 Then Ezra took up the book of the law in the sight of the multitude, for he
had the place of honor in the presence of all.
46 And when he opened the law, they all stood erect. And Ezra blessed the Lord
God Most High, the God of hosts, the Almighty;
47 and all the multitude answered, "Amen." And they lifted up their hands, and
fell to the ground and worshiped the Lord.
48 Jeshua and Anniuth and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah
and Kelita, Azariah and Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, the Levites, taught the law of
the Lord, at the same time explaining what was read.
49 Then Attharates said to Ezra the chief priest and reader, and to the Levites
who were teaching the multitude, and to all,
50 "This day is holy to the Lord" -- now they were all weeping as they heard the
51 "so go your way, eat the fat and drink the sweet, and send portions to those
who have none;
52 for the day is holy to the Lord; and do not be sorrowful, for the Lord will
53 And the Levites commanded all the people, saying, "This day is holy; do not
54 Then they all went their way, to eat and drink and enjoy themselves, and to
give portions to those who had none, and to make great rejoicing;
55 because they were inspired by the words which they had been taught. And they