The (First) Apocalypse of James
Translated by William R. Schoedel
It is the Lord who spoke with me: "See now the completion of my redemption. I have
given you a sign of these things, James, my brother. For not without reason have I called
you my brother, although you are not my brother materially. And I am not ignorant
concerning you; so that when I give you a sign - know and hear."
"Nothing existed except Him-who-is. He is unnameable and ineffable. I myself am
also unnameable, from Him-who-is, just as I have been given a number of names - two from
Him-who-is. And I, I am before you. Since you have asked concerning femaleness, femaleness
existed, but femaleness was not first. And it prepared for itself powers and gods. But it
did not exist when I came forth, since I am an image of Him-who-is. But I have brought
forth the image of him so that the sons of Him-who-is might know what things are theirs
and what things are alien (to them). Behold, I shall reveal to you everything of this
mystery. For they will seize me the day after tomorrow. But my redemption will be
James said, "Rabbi, you have said, 'they will seize me.' But I, what can I
do?" He said to me, "Fear not, James. You too will they seize. But leave
Jerusalem. For it is she who always gives the cup of bitterness to the sons of light. She
is a dwelling place of a great number of archons. But your redemption will be preserved
from them. So that you may understand who they are and what kinds they are, you will
[...]. And listen. They are not [...] but archons [...]. These twelve [...] down [...]
archons [...] upon his own hebdomad."
James said, "Rabbi, are there then twelve hebdomads and not seven as there are in
the scriptures?" The Lord said, "James, he who spoke concerning this scripture
had a limited understanding. I, however, shall reveal to you what has come forth from him
who has no number. I shall give a sign concerning their number. As for what has come forth
from him who has no measure, I shall give a sign concerning their measure"
James said, "Rabbi, behold then, I have received their number. There are
seventy-two measures!" The Lord said, "These are the seventy-two heavens, which
are their subordinates. These are the powers of all their might; and they were established
by them; and these are they who were distributed everywhere, existing under the authority
of the twelve archons. The inferior power among them brought forth for itself angels and
unnumbered hosts. Him-who-is, however, has been given [...] on account of [...] Him-who-is
[...] they are unnumbered. If you want to give them a number now, you will not be able to
do so until you cast away from your blind thought, this bond of flesh which encircles you.
And then you will reach Him-who-is. And you will no longer be James; rather you are the
One-who-is. And all those who are unnumbered will all have been named."
<James said,>, "Rabbi, in what way shall I reach Him-who-is, since all these
powers and these hosts are armed against me?" He said to me, "These powers are
not armed against you specifically, but are armed against another. It is against me that
they are armed. And they are armed with other powers. But they are armed against me in
judgment. They did not give [...] to me in it [...] through them [...]. In this place
[...] suffering, I shall [...]. He will [...] and I shall not rebuke them. But there shall
be within me a silence and a hidden mystery. But I am fainthearted before their
James said, "Rabbi, if they arm themselves against you, then is there no
- You have come with knowledge,
- that you might rebuke their forgetfulness.
- You have come with recollection,
- that you might rebuke their ignorance.
But I was concerned because of you.
- For you descended into a great ignorance,
- but you have not been defiled by anything in it.
- For you descended into a great mindlessness,
- and your recollection remained.
- You walked in mud,
- and your garments were not soiled,
- and you have not been buried in their filth,
- and you have not been caught.
And I was not like them, but I clothed myself with everything of theirs.
- There is in me forgetfulness,
- yet I remember things that are not theirs.
- There is in me [....],
- and I am in their [...].
[...] knowledge [...] not in their sufferings [...]. But I have become afraid before
them, since they rule. For what will they do? What will I be able to say? Or what word
will I be able to say that I may escape them?"
The Lord said, "James, I praise your understanding and your fear. If you continue
to be distressed, do not be concerned for anything else except your redemption. For
behold, I shall complete this destiny upon this earth as I have said from the heavens. And
I shall reveal to you your redemption."
James said, "Rabbi, how, after these things, will you appear to us again? After
they seize you, and you complete this destiny, you will go up to Him-who-is." The
Lord said, "James, after these things I shall reveal to you everything, not for your
sake alone but for the sake of the unbelief of men, so that faith may exist in them. For a
multitude will attain to faith and they will increase in [...]. And after this I shall
appear for a reproof to the archons. And I shall reveal to them that he cannot be seized.
If they seize him, then he will overpower each of them. But now I shall go. Remember the
things I have spoken and let them go up before you." James said,"Lord, I shall
hasten as you have said." The Lord said farewell to him and fulfilled what was
When James heard of his suffering and was much distressed, they awaited the sign of his
coming. And he came after several days. And James was walking upon the mountain which is
called "Gaugelan", with his disciples, who listened to him because they had been
distressed, and he was [...] a comforter, saying, "This is [...] second [...]"
Then the crowd dispersed, but James remained [...] prayer [...], as was his custom.
And the Lord appeared to him. Then he stopped (his) prayer and embraced him. He kissed
him, saying, "Rabbi, I have found you! I have heard of your sufferings, which you
endured. And I have been much distressed. My compassion you know. Therefore, on
reflection, I was wishing that I would not see this people. They must be judged for these
things that they have done. For these things that they have done are contrary to what is
The Lord said, "James, do not be concerned for me or for this people. I am he who
was within me. Never have I suffered in any way, nor have I been distressed. And this
people has done me no harm. But this (people) existed as a type of the archons, and it
deserved to be destroyed through them. But [...] the archons, [...] who has [...] but
since it [...] angry with [...] The just [...] is his servant. Therefore your name is
"James the Just". You see how you will become sober when you see me. And you
stopped this prayer. Now since you are a just man of God, you have embraced me and kissed
me. Truly I say to you that you have stirred up great anger and wrath against yourself.
But (this has happened) so that these others might come to be."
But James was timid (and) wept. And he was very distressed. And they both sat down upon
a rock. The Lord said to him, "James, thus you will undergo these sufferings. But do
not be sad. For the flesh is weak. It will receive what has been ordained for it. But as
for you, do not be timid or afraid". The Lord ceased.
Now when James heard these things, he wiped away the tears in his eyes and very bitter
[...] which is [...]. The Lord said to him, "James, behold, I shall reveal to you
your redemption. When you are seized, and you undergo these sufferings, a multitude will
arm themselves against you that <they> may seize you. And in particular three of
them will seize you - they who sit (there) as toll collectors. Not only do they demand
toll, but they also take away souls by theft. When you come into their power, one of them
who is their guard will say to you, 'Who are you or where are you from?' You are to say to
him, 'I am a son, and I am from the Father.' He will say to you, 'What sort of son are
you, and to what father do you belong?' You are to say to him, 'I am from the Pre-existent
Father, and a son in the Pre-existent One.' When he says to you, [...], you are to say to
him [...] in the [...] that I might [...]."
'[...] of alien things?' You are to say to him, 'They are not entirely alien, but they
are from Achamoth, who is the female. And these she produced as she brought down the race
from the Pre-existent One. So then they are not alien, but they are ours. They are indeed
ours because she who is mistress of them is from the Pre-existent One. At the same time
they are alien because the Pre-existent One did not have intercourse with her, when she
produced them.' When he also says to you, 'Where will you go?', you are to say to him, 'To
the place from which I have come, there shall I return.' And if you say these things, you
will escape their attacks.
"But when you come to these three detainers who take away souls by theft in that
place [...] these. You [...] a vessel [...] much more than [...] of the one whom you [...]
for [...] her root. You too will be sober [...]. But I shall call upon the imperishable
knowledge, which is Sophia who is in the Father (and) who is the mother of Achamoth.
Achamoth had no father nor male consort, but she is female from a female. She produced you
without a male, since she was alone (and) in ignorance as to what lives through her mother
because she thought that she alone existed. But I shall cry out to her mother. And then
they will fall into confusion (and) will blame their root and the race of their mother.
But you will go up to what is yours [...] you will [...] the Pre-existent One."
"They are a type of the twelve disciples and the twelve pairs, [...] Achamoth,
which is translated 'Sophia'. And who I myself am, (and) who the imperishable Sophia (is)
through whom you will be redeemed, and (who are) all the sons of Him-who-is - these things
they have known and have hidden within them. You are to hide <these things> within
you, and you are to keep silence. But you are to reveal them to Addai. When you depart,
immediately war will be made with this land. Weep, then, for him who dwells in Jerusalem.
But let Addai take these things to heart. In the tenth year let Addai sit and write them
down. And when he writes them down [...] and they are to give them [...] he has the [...]
he is called Levi. Then he is to bring [...] word [...] from what I said earlier [...] a
woman [...] Jerusalem in her [...] and he begets two sons through her. They are to inherit
these things and the understanding of him who [...] exalts. And they are to receive [...]
through him from his intellect. Now, the younger of them is greater. And may these things
remain hidden in him until he comes to the age of seventeen years [...] beginning [...]
through them. They will pursue him exceedingly, since they are from his [...] companions.
He will be proclaimed through them, and they will proclaim this word. Then he will become
a seed of [...]."
James said, "I am satisfied [...] and they are [...] my soul. Yet another thing I
ask of you: who are the seven women who have been your disciples? And behold all women
bless you. I also am amazed how powerless vessels have become strong by a perception which
is in them." The Lord said, "You [...] well [...] a spirit of [...], a spirit of
thought, a spirit of counsel of a [...], a spirit [...] a spirit of knowledge [...] of
their fear. [...] when we had passed through the breath of this archon who is named
Adonaios [...] him and [...] he was ignorant [...] when I came forth from him, he
remembered that I am a son of his. He was gracious to me at that time as his son. And
then, before <I> appeared here, <he> cast them among this people. And from the
place of heaven the prophets [...]."
James said, "Rabbi, [...] I [...] all together [...] in them especially
[...]." The Lord said, "James, I praise you [...] walk upon the earth [...] the
words while he [...] on the [...]. For cast away from you the cup which is bitterness. For
some from [...] set themselves against you. For you have begun to understand their roots
from beginning to end. Cast away from yourself all lawlessness. And beware lest they envy
you. When you speak these words of this perception, encourage these four: Salome and
Mariam and Martha and Arsinoe [...] since he takes some [...] to me he is [...] burnt
offerings and [...]. But I [...] not in this way; but [...] first-fruits of the [...]
upward [...] so that the power of God might appear. The perishable has gone up to the
imperishable and the female element has attained to this male element."
James said, "Rabbi, into these three (things), then, has their [...] been cast.
For they have been reviled, and they have been persecuted [...]. Behold [...] everything
[...] from anyone [...]. For you have received [...] of knowledge. And [...] that what is
the [...] go [...] you will find [...]. But I shall go forth and shall reveal that they
believed in you, that they may be content with their blessing and salvation, and this
revelation may come to pass."
And he went at that time immediately and rebuked the twelve and cast out of them
contentment concerning the way of knowledge [...].
[...]. And the majority of them [...] when they saw, the messenger took in [...]. The
others [...] said, "[...] him from this earth. For he is not worthy of life."
These, then, were afraid. They arose, saying, "We have no part in this blood, for a
just man will perish through injustice" James departed so that [...] look [...] for
we [...] him.
The Apocalypse of James
Selection made from James M. Robinson, ed., The Nag Hammadi Library,
revised edition. HarperCollins, San Francisco, 1990.